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Ghide Habtetsion Gebremichael
Case study :The Impact of Migration and on Enviironment
Now a day’s migration is among top headlines in most parts of the world. Particularly people from Middle East and Africa migrate to Europe for different reasons. Out of the many their main causes are war, famine, education and employment. For example in the year of 2015, more than 5000 illegal immigrants entered Europe by crossing the Mediterranean Sea and still they are continuinghttp://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/apr/22/most-migrants-crossing-mediterranean-will-be-sent-back-eu-leaders-to-agree).
However little is known about the spontaneous increase of immigrants on the European environment. For example how the new immigrants will affect the European land? What is the narrative behind all this impact? Is it the effect of war, terrorism, famine and unemployment or the overall effect of climate change? What are the key roots to this immigration and how will it affect the European environment socially, politically and above all environmentally?
The famous American professor and among the main founders of global environmental history-Donald Worster on his April, 2015 speech at Uppsala University said that there is a direct correlation between environmental protection and democracy. Which means countries with better democracy has a better environmental conservation and protection regulation. In my opinion this will be the main idea of the case study to be discovered. Is it possible fighting for climate change means fighting for democracy, fighting for repression and dictatorship?
To start with, the case study will select a country with high number of immigrant [probably Italy] and assess its environmental conditions. How this problem will affect the country in the long run? What kind of measurement can be taken to tackle with? What about the ethical aspect of it?
I can use a theoretical frame work of Actor’s Network Theory (ANT). My assumption is that everything is connected to each other. Therefore once you make some changes in the global south, then it will in turn affect the global north and vise-versa. I believe that by helping people in getting freedom could be one of the solutions to environmental crisis. Now, it is becoming apparent that the effect of climate change can cause people to migrate form countries such as Sub-Saharan countries, Middle East and other part of Africa. At the same time as the population increase in other part of the world like Europe and USA, the environmental problem in turn will increase.
Anand S and Sen A. 1997. Concepts of human development and poverty: a multi-dimensional perspective. In: Fukuda-Parr S and Shiva Kumar AK (Eds). 2004. Readings in human development: concepts, measures and policies for a development paradigm. New Delhi, India: Oxford University Press.
Migration and environment in the context of globalization (http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu.sci-hub.org/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.368.3087&rep=rep1&type=pdf)
Migration and environment in Ghana: a cross-district analysis of human mobility and vegetation dynamics (http://eau.sagepub.com.sci-hub.org/content/22/1/107.full.pdf)
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